Skip to main content
Skip to main content

File Cache

File Cache

SinceVersion dev

File Cache accelerates queries that read the same data by caching the data files of recently accessed from remote storage system (HDFS or Object Storage). In Ad Hoc scenarios where the same data is frequently accessed, File Cache can avoid repeated remote data access costs and improve the query analysis performance and stability of hot data.

How it works

File Cache caches the accessed remote data in the local BE node. The original data file will be divided into blocks according to the read IO size, and the block will be stored in file cache_path/hash(filepath).substr(0, 3)/hash(filepath)/offset, and save the block meta information in the BE node. When accessing the same remote file, doris will check whether the cached data of the file exists in the local cache, and according to the offset and size of the block, confirm which data is read from the local block, which data is pulled from the remote, and cache the new data pulled from the remote. When the BE node restarts, scan cache_path directory, recover the meta information of the block. When the cache size reaches the upper threshold, the blocks that have not been accessed for a long time shall be cleaned according to the LRU principle.


File Cache is disabled by default. You need to set the relevant configuration in FE and BE to enable it.

Configurations for FE

Enable File Cache for a given session:

SET enable_file_cache = true;

Enable File Cache globally:

SET GLOBAL enable_file_cache = true;

Configurations for BE

Add settings to the BE node's configuration file conf/be.conf, and restart the BE node for the configuration to take effect.

enable_file_cacheWhether to enable File Cache, default false
file_cache_max_file_segment_sizeMax size of a single cached block, default 4MB, should greater than 4096
file_cache_pathParameters about cache path, json format, for exmaple: [{"path": "/path/to/file_cache1", "total_size":53687091200,"query_limit": "10737418240"},{"path": "/path/to/file_cache2", "total_size":53687091200,"query_limit": "10737418240"},{"path": "/path/to/file_cache3", "total_size":53687091200,"query_limit": "10737418240"}]. path is the path to save cached data; total_size is the max size of cached data; query_limit is the max size of cached data for a single query.
enable_file_cache_query_limitWhether to limit the cache size used by a single query, default false
clear_file_cacheWhether to delete the previous cache data when the BE restarts, default false

Check whether a query hits cache

Execute set enable_profile = true to enable the session variable, and you can view the query profile in the Queris tab of FE's web page. The metrics related to File Cache are as follows:

-  FileCache:
- IOHitCacheNum: 552
- IOTotalNum: 835
- ReadFromFileCacheBytes: 19.98 MB
- ReadFromWriteCacheBytes: 0.00
- ReadTotalBytes: 29.52 MB
- WriteInFileCacheBytes: 915.77 MB
- WriteInFileCacheNum: 283
  • IOTotalNum: Number of remote access
  • IOHitCacheNum: Number of cache hits
  • ReadFromFileCacheBytes: Amount of data read from cache file
  • ReadTotalBytes: Total amount of data read
  • SkipCacheBytes: Failed to create the cache file, or the cache file was deleted. The amount of data that needs to be read from the remote again
  • WriteInFileCacheBytes: Amount of data saved to cache file
  • WriteInFileCacheNum: The number of blocks saved, so 'WriteInFileCacheBytes'/' WriteInFileCacheBytes' is the average size of blocks

IOHitCacheNum / IOTotalNum Equal to 1, indicating that read data only from file cache

ReadFromFileCacheBytes / ReadTotalBytes Equal to 1, indicating that read data only from file cache

ReadFromFileCacheBytes The smaller the better, the smaller the amount of data read from remote