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TPC-H Benchmark

TPC-H Benchmark

TPC-H is a decision support benchmark (Decision Support Benchmark), which consists of a set of business-oriented special query and concurrent data modification. The data that is queried and populates the database has broad industry relevance. This benchmark demonstrates a decision support system that examines large amounts of data, executes highly complex queries, and answers key business questions. The performance index reported by TPC-H is called TPC-H composite query performance index per hour (QphH@Size), which reflects multiple aspects of the system's ability to process queries. These aspects include the database size chosen when executing the query, the query processing capability when the query is submitted by a single stream, and the query throughput when the query is submitted by many concurrent users.

This document mainly introduces the performance of Doris on the TPC-H 1000G test set.

On 22 queries on the TPC-H standard test data set, we conducted a comparison test based on Apache Doris 2.1.1-rc03 and Apache Doris 2.0.6 versions.

TPCDS_1000G

1. Hardware Environment​

HardwareConfiguration Instructions
Number of mMachines4 Tencent Cloud Virtual Machine(1FE,3BEs)
CPUAMD EPYC™ Milan(2.55GHz/3.5GHz) 48C
Memory192G
Network21Gbps
DiskESSD Cloud Hard Disk

2. Software Environment​

  • Doris Deployed 3BEs and 1FE
  • Kernel Version: Linux version 5.4.0-96-generic (buildd@lgw01-amd64-051)
  • OS version: Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa)
  • Doris software version: Apache Doris 2.1.1-rc03、 Apache Doris 2.0.6.
  • JDK: openjdk version "1.8.0_131"

3. Test Data Volume​

The TPCH 1000G data generated by the simulation of the entire test are respectively imported into Apache Doris 2.1.1-rc03 and Apache Doris 2.0.6 for testing. The following is the relevant description and data volume of the table.

TPC-H Table NameRowsAnnotation
REGION5Region
NATION25Nation
SUPPLIER10,000,000Supplier
PART200,000,000Parts
PARTSUPP800,000,000Parts Supply
CUSTOMER150,000,000Customer
ORDERS1,500,000,000Orders
LINEITEM5,999,989,709Order Details

4. Test SQL​

TPCH 22 test query statements : TPCH-Query-SQL

5. Test Results​

Here we use Apache Doris 2.1.1-rc03 and Apache Doris 2.0.6 for comparative testing. In the test, we use Query Time(ms) as the main performance indicator. The test results are as follows:

QueryApache Doris 2.1.1-rc03 (ms)Apache Doris 2.0.6 (ms)
Q172407638
Q2249377
Q335284389
Q415341903
Q554576425
Q6159150
Q715983141
Q829582792
Q91480324732
Q1067437315
Q11414395
Q12371417
Q1362038095
Q14485681
Q1522461459
Q1612521382
Q1714611204
Q181042811386
Q1923292172
Q205691455
Q2155746570
Q2210421517
Total7664395595

6. Environmental Preparation​

Please refer to the official document to install and deploy Doris to obtain a normal running Doris cluster (at least 1 FE 1 BE, 1 FE 3 BE is recommended).

7. Data Preparation​

7.1 Download and Install TPC-H Data Generation Tool​

Execute the following script to download and compile the tpch-tools tool.

sh bin/build-tpch-dbgen.sh

After successful installation, the dbgen binary will be generated under the TPC-H_Tools_v3.0.0/ directory.

7.2 Generating the TPC-H Test Set​

Execute the following script to generate the TPC-H dataset:

sh bin/gen-tpch-data.sh -s 1000

Note 1: Check the script help via sh gen-tpch-data.sh -h.

Note 2: The data will be generated under the tpch-data/ directory with the suffix .tbl. The total file size is about 1000GB and may need a few minutes to an hour to generate.

Note 3: A standard test data set of 100G is generated by default.

7.3 Create Table​

7.3.1 Prepare the doris-cluster.conf File​

Before import the script, you need to write the FE’s ip port and other information in the doris-cluster.conf file.

The file is located under ${DORIS_HOME}/tools/tpch-tools/conf/ .

The content of the file includes FE's ip, HTTP port, user name, password and the DB name of the data to be imported:

# Any of FE host
export FE_HOST='127.0.0.1'
# http_port in fe.conf
export FE_HTTP_PORT=8030
# query_port in fe.conf
export FE_QUERY_PORT=9030
# Doris username
export USER='root'
# Doris password
export PASSWORD=''
# The database where TPC-H tables located
export DB='tpch'

Execute the Following Script to Generate and Create TPC-H Table​

sh bin/create-tpch-tables.sh -s 1000

Or copy the table creation statement in create-tpch-tables.sql and excute it in Doris.

7.4 Import Data​

Please perform data import with the following command:

sh bin/load-tpch-data.sh

7.5 Check Imported Data​

Execute the following SQL statement to check that the imported data is consistent with the above data.

select count(*)  from  lineitem;
select count(*) from orders;
select count(*) from partsupp;
select count(*) from part;
select count(*) from customer;
select count(*) from supplier;
select count(*) from nation;
select count(*) from region;
select count(*) from revenue0;

7.6 Query Test​

7.6.1 Executing Query Scripts​

Execute the above test SQL or execute the following command

sh bin/run-tpch-queries.sh -s 1000

7.6.2 Single SQL Execution​

The following is the SQL statement used in the test, you can also get the latest SQL from the code base.

--Q1
select
l_returnflag,
l_linestatus,
sum(l_quantity) as sum_qty,
sum(l_extendedprice) as sum_base_price,
sum(l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount)) as sum_disc_price,
sum(l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount) * (1 + l_tax)) as sum_charge,
avg(l_quantity) as avg_qty,
avg(l_extendedprice) as avg_price,
avg(l_discount) as avg_disc,
count(*) as count_order
from
lineitem
where
l_shipdate <= date '1998-12-01' - interval '90' day
group by
l_returnflag,
l_linestatus
order by
l_returnflag,
l_linestatus;

--Q2
select
s_acctbal,
s_name,
n_name,
p_partkey,
p_mfgr,
s_address,
s_phone,
s_comment
from
part,
supplier,
partsupp,
nation,
region
where
p_partkey = ps_partkey
and s_suppkey = ps_suppkey
and p_size = 15
and p_type like '%BRASS'
and s_nationkey = n_nationkey
and n_regionkey = r_regionkey
and r_name = 'EUROPE'
and ps_supplycost = (
select
min(ps_supplycost)
from
partsupp,
supplier,
nation,
region
where
p_partkey = ps_partkey
and s_suppkey = ps_suppkey
and s_nationkey = n_nationkey
and n_regionkey = r_regionkey
and r_name = 'EUROPE'
)
order by
s_acctbal desc,
n_name,
s_name,
p_partkey
limit 100;

--Q3
select
l_orderkey,
sum(l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount)) as revenue,
o_orderdate,
o_shippriority
from
customer,
orders,
lineitem
where
c_mktsegment = 'BUILDING'
and c_custkey = o_custkey
and l_orderkey = o_orderkey
and o_orderdate < date '1995-03-15'
and l_shipdate > date '1995-03-15'
group by
l_orderkey,
o_orderdate,
o_shippriority
order by
revenue desc,
o_orderdate
limit 10;

--Q4
select
o_orderpriority,
count(*) as order_count
from
orders
where
o_orderdate >= date '1993-07-01'
and o_orderdate < date '1993-07-01' + interval '3' month
and exists (
select
*
from
lineitem
where
l_orderkey = o_orderkey
and l_commitdate < l_receiptdate
)
group by
o_orderpriority
order by
o_orderpriority;

--Q5
select
n_name,
sum(l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount)) as revenue
from
customer,
orders,
lineitem,
supplier,
nation,
region
where
c_custkey = o_custkey
and l_orderkey = o_orderkey
and l_suppkey = s_suppkey
and c_nationkey = s_nationkey
and s_nationkey = n_nationkey
and n_regionkey = r_regionkey
and r_name = 'ASIA'
and o_orderdate >= date '1994-01-01'
and o_orderdate < date '1994-01-01' + interval '1' year
group by
n_name
order by
revenue desc;

--Q6
select
sum(l_extendedprice * l_discount) as revenue
from
lineitem
where
l_shipdate >= date '1994-01-01'
and l_shipdate < date '1994-01-01' + interval '1' year
and l_discount between .06 - 0.01 and .06 + 0.01
and l_quantity < 24;

--Q7
select
supp_nation,
cust_nation,
l_year,
sum(volume) as revenue
from
(
select
n1.n_name as supp_nation,
n2.n_name as cust_nation,
extract(year from l_shipdate) as l_year,
l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount) as volume
from
supplier,
lineitem,
orders,
customer,
nation n1,
nation n2
where
s_suppkey = l_suppkey
and o_orderkey = l_orderkey
and c_custkey = o_custkey
and s_nationkey = n1.n_nationkey
and c_nationkey = n2.n_nationkey
and (
(n1.n_name = 'FRANCE' and n2.n_name = 'GERMANY')
or (n1.n_name = 'GERMANY' and n2.n_name = 'FRANCE')
)
and l_shipdate between date '1995-01-01' and date '1996-12-31'
) as shipping
group by
supp_nation,
cust_nation,
l_year
order by
supp_nation,
cust_nation,
l_year;

--Q8

select
o_year,
sum(case
when nation = 'BRAZIL' then volume
else 0
end) / sum(volume) as mkt_share
from
(
select
extract(year from o_orderdate) as o_year,
l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount) as volume,
n2.n_name as nation
from
part,
supplier,
lineitem,
orders,
customer,
nation n1,
nation n2,
region
where
p_partkey = l_partkey
and s_suppkey = l_suppkey
and l_orderkey = o_orderkey
and o_custkey = c_custkey
and c_nationkey = n1.n_nationkey
and n1.n_regionkey = r_regionkey
and r_name = 'AMERICA'
and s_nationkey = n2.n_nationkey
and o_orderdate between date '1995-01-01' and date '1996-12-31'
and p_type = 'ECONOMY ANODIZED STEEL'
) as all_nations
group by
o_year
order by
o_year;

--Q9
select
nation,
o_year,
sum(amount) as sum_profit
from
(
select
n_name as nation,
extract(year from o_orderdate) as o_year,
l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount) - ps_supplycost * l_quantity as amount
from
part,
supplier,
lineitem,
partsupp,
orders,
nation
where
s_suppkey = l_suppkey
and ps_suppkey = l_suppkey
and ps_partkey = l_partkey
and p_partkey = l_partkey
and o_orderkey = l_orderkey
and s_nationkey = n_nationkey
and p_name like '%green%'
) as profit
group by
nation,
o_year
order by
nation,
o_year desc;

--Q10
select
c_custkey,
c_name,
sum(l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount)) as revenue,
c_acctbal,
n_name,
c_address,
c_phone,
c_comment
from
customer,
orders,
lineitem,
nation
where
c_custkey = o_custkey
and l_orderkey = o_orderkey
and o_orderdate >= date '1993-10-01'
and o_orderdate < date '1993-10-01' + interval '3' month
and l_returnflag = 'R'
and c_nationkey = n_nationkey
group by
c_custkey,
c_name,
c_acctbal,
c_phone,
n_name,
c_address,
c_comment
order by
revenue desc
limit 20;


--Q11
select
ps_partkey,
sum(ps_supplycost * ps_availqty) as value
from
partsupp,
supplier,
nation
where
ps_suppkey = s_suppkey
and s_nationkey = n_nationkey
and n_name = 'GERMANY'
group by
ps_partkey having
sum(ps_supplycost * ps_availqty) > (
select
sum(ps_supplycost * ps_availqty) * 0.000002
from
partsupp,
supplier,
nation
where
ps_suppkey = s_suppkey
and s_nationkey = n_nationkey
and n_name = 'GERMANY'
)
order by
value desc;

--Q12
select
l_shipmode,
sum(case
when o_orderpriority = '1-URGENT'
or o_orderpriority = '2-HIGH'
then 1
else 0
end) as high_line_count,
sum(case
when o_orderpriority <> '1-URGENT'
and o_orderpriority <> '2-HIGH'
then 1
else 0
end) as low_line_count
from
orders,
lineitem
where
o_orderkey = l_orderkey
and l_shipmode in ('MAIL', 'SHIP')
and l_commitdate < l_receiptdate
and l_shipdate < l_commitdate
and l_receiptdate >= date '1994-01-01'
and l_receiptdate < date '1994-01-01' + interval '1' year
group by
l_shipmode
order by
l_shipmode;

--Q13
select
c_count,
count(*) as custdist
from
(
select
c_custkey,
count(o_orderkey) as c_count
from
customer left outer join orders on
c_custkey = o_custkey
and o_comment not like '%special%requests%'
group by
c_custkey
) as c_orders
group by
c_count
order by
custdist desc,
c_count desc;

--Q14
select
100.00 * sum(case
when p_type like 'PROMO%'
then l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount)
else 0
end) / sum(l_extendedprice * (1 - l_discount)) as promo_revenue
from
lineitem,
part
where
l_partkey = p_partkey
and l_shipdate >= date '1995-09-01'
and l_shipdate < date '1995-09-01' + interval '1' month;

--Q15
select
s_suppkey,
s_name,
s_address,
s_phone,
total_revenue
from
supplier,
revenue0
where
s_suppkey = supplier_no
and total_revenue = (
select
max(total_revenue)
from
revenue0
)
order by
s_suppkey;

--Q16
select
p_brand,
p_type,
p_size,
count(distinct ps_suppkey) as supplier_cnt
from
partsupp,
part
where
p_partkey = ps_partkey
and p_brand <> 'Brand#45'
and p_type not like 'MEDIUM POLISHED%'
and p_size in (49, 14, 23, 45, 19, 3, 36, 9)
and ps_suppkey not in (
select
s_suppkey
from
supplier
where
s_comment like '%Customer%Complaints%'
)
group by
p_brand,
p_type,
p_size
order by
supplier_cnt desc,
p_brand,
p_type,
p_size;

--Q17
select
sum(l_extendedprice) / 7.0 as avg_yearly
from
lineitem,
part
where
p_partkey = l_partkey
and p_brand = 'Brand#23'
and p_container = 'MED BOX'
and l_quantity < (
select
0.2 * avg(l_quantity)
from
lineitem
where
l_partkey = p_partkey
);

--Q18
select
c_name,
c_custkey,
o_orderkey,
o_orderdate,
o_totalprice,
sum(l_quantity)
from
customer,
orders,
lineitem
where
o_orderkey in (
select
l_orderkey
from
lineitem
group by
l_orderkey having
sum(l_quantity) > 300
)
and c_custkey = o_custkey
and o_orderkey = l_orderkey
group by
c_name,
c_custkey,
o_orderkey,
o_orderdate,
o_totalprice
order by
o_totalprice desc,
o_orderdate
limit 100;


--Q19
select
sum(l_extendedprice* (1 - l_discount)) as revenue
from
lineitem,
part
where
(
p_partkey = l_partkey
and p_brand = 'Brand#12'
and p_container in ('SM CASE', 'SM BOX', 'SM PACK', 'SM PKG')
and l_quantity >= 1 and l_quantity <= 1 + 10
and p_size between 1 and 5
and l_shipmode in ('AIR', 'AIR REG')
and l_shipinstruct = 'DELIVER IN PERSON'
)
or
(
p_partkey = l_partkey
and p_brand = 'Brand#23'
and p_container in ('MED BAG', 'MED BOX', 'MED PKG', 'MED PACK')
and l_quantity >= 10 and l_quantity <= 10 + 10
and p_size between 1 and 10
and l_shipmode in ('AIR', 'AIR REG')
and l_shipinstruct = 'DELIVER IN PERSON'
)
or
(
p_partkey = l_partkey
and p_brand = 'Brand#34'
and p_container in ('LG CASE', 'LG BOX', 'LG PACK', 'LG PKG')
and l_quantity >= 20 and l_quantity <= 20 + 10
and p_size between 1 and 15
and l_shipmode in ('AIR', 'AIR REG')
and l_shipinstruct = 'DELIVER IN PERSON'
);

--Q20
select
s_name,
s_address
from
supplier,
nation
where
s_suppkey in (
select
ps_suppkey
from
partsupp
where
ps_partkey in (
select
p_partkey
from
part
where
p_name like 'forest%'
)
and ps_availqty > (
select
0.5 * sum(l_quantity)
from
lineitem
where
l_partkey = ps_partkey
and l_suppkey = ps_suppkey
and l_shipdate >= date '1994-01-01'
and l_shipdate < date '1994-01-01' + interval '1' year
)
)
and s_nationkey = n_nationkey
and n_name = 'CANADA'
order by
s_name;

--Q21
select
s_name,
count(*) as numwait
from
supplier,
lineitem l1,
orders,
nation
where
s_suppkey = l1.l_suppkey
and o_orderkey = l1.l_orderkey
and o_orderstatus = 'F'
and l1.l_receiptdate > l1.l_commitdate
and exists (
select
*
from
lineitem l2
where
l2.l_orderkey = l1.l_orderkey
and l2.l_suppkey <> l1.l_suppkey
)
and not exists (
select
*
from
lineitem l3
where
l3.l_orderkey = l1.l_orderkey
and l3.l_suppkey <> l1.l_suppkey
and l3.l_receiptdate > l3.l_commitdate
)
and s_nationkey = n_nationkey
and n_name = 'SAUDI ARABIA'
group by
s_name
order by
numwait desc,
s_name
limit 100;

--Q22
select
cntrycode,
count(*) as numcust,
sum(c_acctbal) as totacctbal
from
(
select
substring(c_phone, 1, 2) as cntrycode,
c_acctbal
from
customer
where
substring(c_phone, 1, 2) in
('13', '31', '23', '29', '30', '18', '17')
and c_acctbal > (
select
avg(c_acctbal)
from
customer
where
c_acctbal > 0.00
and substring(c_phone, 1, 2) in
('13', '31', '23', '29', '30', '18', '17')
)
and not exists (
select
*
from
orders
where
o_custkey = c_custkey
)
) as custsale
group by
cntrycode
order by
cntrycode;